World Day Against Alcoholism in Russiawill be held on October 3, 2017. Date - October 3 - approved by the international initiative of WHO. Every year on this day, various measures are taken to combat alcoholism in order to find and optimize ways, directions and methods for solving the problem of alcoholization of modern society. Earlier, the USSR introduced a "dry law" and, despite this rather tough measure, this method of combating alcoholism to some extent limited the distribution and consumption of alcohol products among the population of Russia.
A bit of history ...
September 11 - All-Russian day of sobriety
In 1913, with the initiative of the servants of the Orthodox Church, the very first Russian Day of sobriety was held. According to the decision of the Holy Synod in March in 1914 approved the annual date of the All-Russia Day of Temperance - September 11 (in a new style). On this day, according to the Orthodox calendar, the day of the Beheading of the head of the holy Prophet John the Baptist is celebrated and at this time a strict fast is observed.
In order to combat drunkenness in Russia, wine shops were closed on this day and stopped selling alcoholic beverages. In the churches, the processions were held and the proclamations about the great importance of a sober way of life were read, then a prayer service was given to John the Baptist. Everyone could give a vow of sobriety and be blessed by a priest.
Now in the churches hold the action "Put a candle on the healing of the afflicted with alcoholism", and those who are striving to receive healing from the misery call out prayers for the icon "Inexhaustible Chalice", which gives healing from alcoholism, drug addiction and other diseases. Priests offer to spend this day actively - to visit the temple, to light and put a candle, and also to offer a prayer for all who suffer from alcoholism.
According to WHO standards, degradation in society begins when the consumption of alcohol among the population approximates in quantity to 8 liters per person per year. In the distant 1913, when Russia celebrated the 300th anniversary of the Romanovs' house, alcohol consumption per person was 4.7 liters per year. Before the Revolution of 1917 43% of the men in the country were nondrinkers. By 1979 the number of teetotalers decreased to 0.6%. And now the amount of alcohol per person, including minors, is already 18 liters per year.
Now the All-Russian Day of sobriety is incredibly relevant. Choosing aside sobriety is the main task of modern society. And on this day in Russia, the forces of various public organizations, centers, clinics at enterprises hold thematic events in many Russian cities. There are options for fighting alcoholism at home by popular methods and means.
Measures and program to combat alcoholism
On September 23, 2009, the first results of the activities of the Church-Public Council on protection from alcoholic enslavement of the inhabitants of our country were presented to the general public. The governor of the Sretensky Monastery in Moscow, Archimandrite Tikhon, addressed the authorities of the Russian Federation with the measures and a program to combat alcoholism.
Archimandrite Tikhon, proposed such measures and a program to combat alcoholism:
- Quite stop selling alcoholic beverages where you can not control the sale to minors. This category of sales points include all stalls and kiosks.
- Do not sell alcoholic beverages from 11-00 to 19-00, as it was before.
- Do not license the application form for the sale of alcohol-containing beverages.
- Tighten administrative responsibility for non-compliance and violation of the rules of trade in alcoholic beverages.
- Increase the criminal liability for the production of alcohol by illegal means.
- Through the media to strengthen the idea of fighting alcoholism, while focusing on the cultivation of alcoholism prevention in children, adolescents and youth.
Here you can download a presentation dedicated to World Alcohol Day together with pictures in the .pptx format
For information: World Day against Drug Abuse is held annually - June 26 in many countries around the world. And the International Day for Quitting (combating tobacco, or giving up tobacco) in 2017 will be held on November 19.