1Treatment of sequestered disc herniation L5 S1 without surgery
- 1.1What is the sequestered hernia and the main signs of the disease?
- 1.2The effectiveness of conservative therapy
- 1.3Reduction of symptoms of clinical symptoms
- 1.4Diuretics, nootropic, anticonvulsant and other agents in the therapy of pathology
- 1.5Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment
2Sequestration of disc herniation: what it is, symptoms and treatment, lumbar lesion
- 2.1Causes of the disease
- 2.2Characteristic symptoms of sequestered hernia
- 2.3Methods of treatment
- 2.4Conservative therapy
3Forms and symptoms of herniated disc L4-L5
- 3.1Symptoms of the disease
- 3.3Treatment of hernia L4 L5
- 3.4Surgery for hernia
4Herniated disc L5 S1: possible complications and ways of treatment
- 4.3Causes of appearance
- 4.5Herniated disc l5 S1: description
- 4.8Features of therapy
- 4.9Importance of timely detection of pathology
- 4.11Sequestered Education
- 4.12Clinical picture
- 4.13Therapeutic events
5Sequential hernia of the spine: symptoms and treatment
- 5.3Denial of responsibility
6Sequential hernia of the spine: treatment without lumbar surgery
- 6.1What is a sequestered disc herniation
- 6.4Sheep Department
- 6.5The lumbar division
- 6.7Symptoms of pulposal nucleus sequestration
- 6.8In the cervical
- 6.9In the thoracic
- 6.11Diagnosis of the disease
- 6.12How to treat: surgically or conservatively
- 6.13When surgical treatment is recommended
- 6.14Types of applied operations
- 6.15The best option for conservative care without surgery
- 6.16Rehabilitation and prevention
Treatment of sequestered disc herniation L5 S1 without surgery
When a sequestered hernia of the l5 s1 disc occurs, treatment without surgery is directed primarily at removing clinical symptoms and improving the patient's condition. Complete disposal of the problem is impossible, because irreversible changes occur, and even surgical intervention is not always successful.
What is the sequestered hernia and the main signs of the disease?
What is a sequestered spinal hernia? This pathology is the most severe kind of hernia. Its occurrence is due to the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue and the rupture of the fibrous ring.
The main difference of the sequestered hernia is that the pulpous nucleus falls into the spinal canal, which leads to a strong squeezing of the nerves.
This fact and causes clinical manifestations of the disease.
The main symptoms of the disease include the appearance of pain in the area of protrusion - the lower back. A characteristic feature is a sharp increase in discomfort during movements.
Sequestration of disc herniation at the level of the lumbar region is characterized by diverse manifestations.
Pain can not only localize in the affected area, but also spread to the buttocks or even the entire leg.
When the spinal nerves are infringed, a sensitivity disorder develops in the innervation region. The result of this condition is numbness of the foot, deterioration and even disappearance of reflexes.
Sequestered hernia of the disk l5 s1 due to the peculiarities of the arrangement of the spinal nerves and the region The innervation is primarily characterized by a change in the sensitivity of the big toe and buttocks. The patient notes the occurrence of running crawling, tingling. In the case of a prolonged stay in one position, complete numbness of the fingers is possible.
Sequestered herniation of the disc is capable of provoking the appearance of pain in one place, and in several at the same time:
The main signs of sequestered disc herniation l5 s1 include constant pain in the lumbar region and the sacroiliac department.
Unpleasant feelings haunt a person, do not give him the opportunity to fully relax and rest.
Their intensity increases dramatically with physical exertion, overcooling and exposure to other factors.
The effectiveness of conservative therapy
Treatment of sequestered hernia of the spine should be started as soon as possible, when the first signs of an illness occur.
This is due to the fact that only in the early stages of development of pathology, when protrusion of a small size, it is possible to achieve a positive result.
Otherwise, it is possible to achieve an improvement in the patient's well-being and a decrease in the intensity of clinical symptoms, but it will not be possible to completely remove the hernia.
The complexity of therapy lies in the hard access to pathological education. Therefore, the use of medications does not always give the desired results.
Treatment of the disease should appoint a specialist after a thorough examination of the patient and passing the necessary laboratory and instrumental research methods. A well-designed therapeutic regimen will help:
- to remove the severity of clinical symptoms;
- strengthen the muscular corset;
- prevent the progression of protrusion.
The main rule is to follow all the doctor's recommendation regarding not only taking medications, but also a way of life. It is necessary to remove all the factors that can lead to the progression of the disease.
Reduction of symptoms of clinical symptoms
Treatment for sequestered hernias of the vertebrae is aimed at improving the patient's well-being.
For this, the inflammatory process should be removed. For this purpose, drugs are used:
- from the NSAID group;
- non-narcotic analgesics;
These drugs have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties. In the treatment of pathology used in various dosage forms:
- intramuscular or intravenous injection.
First of all prescribe drugs from the NSAID group, which should be used very carefully.
This is due to their properties to have a negative effect on the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.
Prolonged use can provoke the development of peptic ulcer. Key representatives:
- Voltaren et al.
If there are contraindications to their use, use non-narcotic analgesics - Analgin and others. However, they often do not have the desired therapeutic effect.
In the absence of a positive result from the treatment, it is advisable to use glucocorticosteroids. They have powerful anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous, analgesic properties.
At the same time they are characterized by a large number of restrictions to use and a solid list of adverse reactions. Hormonal drugs are used in short courses and only under the supervision of a doctor to prevent the development of complications.
In the treatment of sequestered hernia of the lumbar spine, Prednisolone and others are mainly used.
Often to achieve an anesthetic effect is very difficult in connection with a strong spasm of muscles.
In this case, it is expedient to use muscle relaxants - Sirdaluda, Midokalma, and others.
With their help, you can remove the spasm, so that the patient can relax and rest. These drugs are used for 2-3 days and only as prescribed by the doctor.
Eliminate pain, remove swelling and muscle spasm will help novocaine blockade. Only an expert can do it, because it is a delicate manipulation, requiring professional skills and abilities.
The disadvantage of this method of treatment is that novocaine blockades are only able to temporarily remove clinical symptoms. They can not be done often - each procedure carries a certain risk.
Diuretics, nootropic, anticonvulsant and other agents in the therapy of pathology
Other drugs recommended for inclusion in the complex treatment of sequestered hernias include diuretics.
With their help, you can remove the swelling of the tissues, as a result, pressure on the spinal nerves will decrease. To do this, most often use Hypothiazide or Furosemide.
It is desirable to use them in a short course, only in 1-3 days.
Provide tissues with necessary nutrients and activate microcirculation will help nootropics (Actovegin, Trental, etc.).
In the case of seizures and other signs of neuropathic pain, it is advisable to use anticonvulsants (Finlepsin et al.).
Do not have a rapid effect, but chondroprotectors and B vitamins are extremely necessary to prevent further destruction of bone tissue. They need to take a long course, at least 2-3 months.
Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment
Physiotherapy is indicated for use only outside the period of exacerbation. It can only be carried out in consultation with a doctor, especially massage and physical therapy.
Manual therapy is a fairly effective therapeutic method, but it is very dangerous. The slightest wrong movement threatens with serious complications. This procedure should be carried out only by a highly qualified specialist.
To strengthen the muscular frame recommended therapeutic exercise. However, you can not do it yourself. A complex of movements, necessary in each case, should be developed by the physician on exercise therapy. The first exercises are under his supervision, and the patient can conduct further studies at home.
From physiotherapeutic methods of treatment to a patient with sequestered hernia of the lumbar department, the application is shown:
- diadynamic currents to the Val's points;
- traction, etc.
The choice of the necessary drug, the route of administration, the dosage, the frequency of application and the duration of treatment should be determined by the physician.
Sequential hernia of the spine is a serious pathology requiring a specialized approach.
Therefore, in no case should one engage in self-medication, in order not to aggravate the condition and not to provoke the development of complications.
A source: https://OrtoCure.ru/pozvonochnik/gryzha/lechenie-sekvestrirovannoj-gryzhi-diska-bez-operatsii.html
Sequestration of disc herniation: what it is, symptoms and treatment, lumbar lesion
When a person has an intervertebral hernia, but he does not receive the proper treatment, the back becomes a kind of "powder keg which at any time can "explode the hernia will sequestered.
What it is? Sequestered hernia means that the pulpous nucleus of the intervertebral disc is not just a little protruded into the spinal canal, and fell into it, and a piece of the nucleus separated from its main masses.
The dropped out section is called a sequestration, the process itself is sequestration.
Click on photo to enlarge
Sequestered intervertebral hernia in 80% of cases leads to disability.
After all, sequestrum very often squeezes the nerves that go to the extremities and internal organs: so the blood circulation of the nerve endings is broken, and they cease to "transfer commands."
Consequences - a violation of the work of organs. If an extra portion of the disc is not removed, the nerves will atrophy and will no longer "work" at all.
Another danger in the sequestration of disc herniation is the immune response: it begins to attack a foreign body that has got into the spinal canal with an uncommon protein for this department.
As a result, inflammation and edema of the canal envelopes wrapping the spinal cord and nerves leaving it are an aseptic meningitis that permanently rivet the person to bed.
Now the good news. If it is timely to detect the intervertebral hernia, do not violate the mode of work and taking medications prescribed by the doctor, then sequestration is unlikely to occur. If such a misfortune does happen - timely treatment will restore the person's ability to work.
Causes of the disease
Sequential hernia of the spine is the most pronounced degree of damage to the fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc. In most cases sequestration is a "logical conclusion" of the destruction of the intervertebral disc, which arose because of osteochondrosis or vertebral hernia.
(if the table is not completely visible - turn it to the right)
Characteristic symptoms of sequestered hernia
- Intense pain in the back (it is often described as a "chamber" of such force that one can even lose consciousness from pain). A person can accurately indicate the time of its onset. This pain syndrome usually provokes a rise in gravity, a sharp jerk of the body, a fall on the back. The pain spreads over the posterolateral surface of the thigh or the inner surface of the arm, increases with the change in the position of the neck or trunk.
- Restriction of limb movements (hands with sequestration of a hernia of the cervical and upper thoracic parts, legs - if pathology developed in the waist or sacrum). In this case, the gait is broken or it becomes extremely difficult to move a hand and even fingers.
When the condition progresses, paralysis of one or several extremities develops.
When the cervical region is damaged, a person can paralyze completely.
- Numbness in the arm, leg, foot, hand or fingers.
- Lowering the temperature of the limb, to which the nerve bundle transmitted by the sequester goes. Her skin can become drier or sweat more.
- Atrophy of the muscles of the injured limb occurs if a person does not seek medical help.
- Intoxication, which develops due to the immune "attack" sequestration, causes: weakness, pain in all muscles and joints, nausea, lack of appetite.
How the sequestered hernia of the spine manifests itself depends on the department where the hernia has arisen, and on the degree of defeat of the sequester.
Most often, the disease occurs in the lumbar spine.
In 2/3 of cases, it develops between 4 and 5 lumbar vertebrae (hernia L4-L5), between the last lumbar vertebra and sacrum (L5-S1), and between the cervical vertebrae (C6-C7). It is conditioned physiologically: such areas experience the greatest loads.
Methods of treatment
The way you have to treat a sequestered hernia disease depends on its location and the severity of the symptoms:
- Hernia L4-L5 of the lumbar region in most cases requires surgical treatment. After it, you will have a long period of rehabilitation under the constant supervision of a neurologist and a neurosurgeon. Doctors visit the patient once a month, often prescribe a computer or magnetic resonance imaging for early detection of possible postoperative complications.
- When the "ponytail" is compressed, the sequestered hernia of the L5-S1 disk is operated urgently, until irreversible changes occurred in the nerves going to the intestines, bladder, reproductive organs and feet.
- With a different localization of the sequestered hernia (even in the lumbar region), conservative treatment is possible.
After stabilization of the condition (pain reduction, restoration of movements and sensitivity) manual therapy, massage, exercise therapy, water procedures are used.
Surgical intervention is a very effective and very risky method of treatment. The operation is performed urgently with the syndrome of the "cauda equina" and is planned when the conservative methods are ineffective.
Modern operative help is an endoscopic intervention with the help of microsurgical instruments, during which a sequestrum is extracted and the intervertebral disc is stabilized. For this operation, large incisions are not required, and the surgeon controls the progress of the operation through the monitor screen.
If the vertebrae are mobile (that is, they can be displaced relative to each other), they perform an open operation, during which not only the sequestrum is removed, but also the unstable vertebrae strengthen the plates.
A source: http://GryzhiNet.ru/pozvon/sekvestraciya-gryzhi-diska-ehto-058.html
Forms and symptoms of herniated disc L4-L5
Article tags: disc hernia, diagnosis, treatment, consequences, symptoms
Herniated disc L4 L5 - a common localization of the pathology between the vertebrae of the lumbar segment of the spine.
More than 50% of all pathologies are median hernia of the L4 L5 disc, which is manifested by squeezing the roots of the 5 vertebrae. In most cases, this disease is diagnosed in men, which affects the physical load or sedentary lifestyle.
Permanent trauma to the spine leads to damage to the vertebrae, which ends with the appearance of a hernia. The main reasons for the appearance of this pathology lie in acute trauma or chronic diseases of the lumbar spine.
Hernia is prone to progressive development and frequent recurrences against ischemia.
A severe variant of development of protrusion is the sequestered hernia L5 s1, which is accompanied by constant pain, and if there is no timely treatment, the risk of paralysis appears.
To prevent severe complications sequestered hernia can be surgically treated.
It is not always possible to identify a hernia in a timely manner, since it begins with a protrusion without clinical manifestations.
The usual hernia at the same time until the moment of infringement can not make itself felt, while sequestered pathology at one time manifests a sharp pain, and even then you need to start immediate treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
Patients with herniated disc L4 L5 consult a doctor with the following complaints:
- Periodic back pain, intensifying during physical activity or prolonged rest;
- Increased sweating, discoloration of the skin;
- As the pathological process develops, the pain intensifies, the patient feels back pain, constant aching pain;
- There is a symptom of Lasega - during lifting of a leg in a supine position discomfort appears;
- Numbness of the limbs, a sensation of crawling creeps, pain in the leg;
- Change of posture, forced position of the body to relieve pain.
The main symptom of the intervertebral hernia with lesions of disc 4 and 5 is pain, it changes in different periods of the disease, but never disappears.
The patient complains of pain in the leg, different parts of the spine in a state of rest and activity. The pathological area often grows numb, the skin becomes dry, and then the sweating rises.
There are dermatological problems, a feeling of dryness, cold, irritation of the back. The patient is difficult to stand on his heels and leaning on one foot.
Sequestered and normal hernia clearly manifested on the radiographic image.
When palpation of the affected area of the spine pain increases, visually the doctor sees the pathological posture acquired as the herniation of the intervertebral disc.
On radiographic examination, a specialist can reveal a hernia in the initial stage - protrusion, then it is still possible to conduct conservative treatment.
Treatment of hernia L4 L5
Non-surgical treatment of herniated disc L4 L5 is medication and manual therapy:
- The patient is prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in order to reduce inflammation and relieve soreness. No drugs have a direct effect on the disease itself, but the patient's condition can be improved by treating with anesthetics and folk recipes. The representative of NSAIDs is Movalis, whose intake is limited to two months, since there is a risk of developing adverse reactions;
- The intake of muscle relaxants to eliminate muscle spasms spinal cord, but a more effective option in this case will be the Novocaine blockade of the affected department. Blockade not only relieves pain, but also relaxes the back, reduces local edema and acts for several weeks;
- Physiotherapeutic measures: the patient is given electrophoresis with analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs. The treatment with currents and ultraviolet is also used. Effective method is acupuncture, laser treatment and wave therapy;
- Manual therapy is indicated in case of displacement of the intervertebral disc, but the doctor does not allow any gross movements typical for this treatment option.
An obligatory stage of treatment is therapeutic gymnastics, which is first conducted under the supervision of a doctor, and then performed by the patient at home.
A set of exercises is necessary to maintain the spine in a tone and restore the ligamentous apparatus, which allows you to reduce the risk of recurrence even after the operation.
Surgery for hernia
Sequestered herniated intervertebral disc L4 L5 is surgically removed according to the following indications:
- inefficiency of conservative therapy for half a year;
- significant deterioration in the patient's condition, associated with squeezing the nerve roots;
- departure of parts of the sequester with subsequent neurologic disorders;
- the growth of muscle weakness, the initial stage of atrophy;
- frequent relapse of the disease.
Treatment of L4 L5 disks begins with the roots of the spinal cord. There are several options for their treatment: removal, implant installation, nucleoplasty, endoscopic transformation.
After the operation, the patient immediately feels better, the pain passes, and the disease does not make itself felt for several years.
The disadvantages of radical treatment include the repeat of the disease in 5% of cases and the risk of inflammatory processes of the spine, when the patient needs to take a large dose of antibiotics.
There is an erroneous opinion that during the surgical treatment of vertebral hernia there is a risk damage to the spinal cord, but the L4 L5 disk is located below the spinal cord, so this consequence excluded.
A source: http://ProGryzhu.ru/pozvonochnika/poyasnichnogo-otdela/l4-l5.html
Herniated disc L5 S1: possible complications and ways of treatment
Hernia in the intervertebral disc is a protrusion or prolapse of its fragments in the vertebral canal. It develops due to osteochondrosis or trauma. The protrusion can provoke the compression of nerve fibers.
In the spine, the individual elements are connected to each other by means of disks. These structures have a certain density and include an elastic core. It is located in the central part of the disk.
The core is surrounded by strong rings formed by a connective tissue. Intervertebral discs give the pillar flexibility and strength. Some pathological conditions provoke the destruction of these elements.
As a result, a hernia is formed.
Most often, the disease appears in people 25-50 years old. In this case, the hernia develops rarely in the elderly.
This is due to the fact that age changes in the elements reduce its mobility. In children protrusions are also formed quite rarely.
As a rule, at an early age the pathology is congenital.
Causes of appearance
The main provoking factors include a variety of disruptions in the course of metabolic processes, infectious lesions, postural disorders, trauma, osteochondrosis. As a rule, the development of the intervertebral hernia is accompanied by an increase in pressure inside the disc.
This phenomenon can be provoked by various reasons. In the presence of osteochondrosis, the appearance of a hernia can be caused by a rise in severity. Risk factors also include heightened body weight.
With a lot of weight on the spinal column, there is a lot of pressure. Disks and other elements experience increased load. Over time, they are subject to destruction. One of the first pathological conditions in this case is the herniated intervertebral disc l5 S1.
The protrusion can also be formed with a sharp turn of the trunk to the side.
The lumbar spine is experiencing the greatest burden. Therefore, most often protrusion is formed precisely in this department. Rare are cases of the appearance of pathology in the cervical and thoracic segments.
Herniated disc l5 S1: description
In this segment protrusion is formed most often. Often, the hernia of the disk l5 S1 extends to the nearby zones.
This pathology indicates that the protrusion of the pulpous nucleus occurred (if this is the initial stage) between the fifth lumbar and the first sacral elements. It is in this area that the greatest burden is placed on the spine in the process of human movement.
The hernia of the disc l5 S1 may be the result of trauma or a number of diseases. With persistent physical stress, the situation worsens.
The hernia of the disk l5 S1 can be in the advanced stage. This significantly complicates therapy and increases its duration.
In the presence of unresolved factors and symptoms that increase pathology, a herniated intervertebral disc l5 S1 may be complicated by concomitant diseases. Of particular importance is the location of protrusion.
Also, the hernia of the l5 S1 disc can be accompanied by a number of complications, which are caused by the individual characteristics of the organism. Due to the impact of a strong axial load, the internal pressure on this area can increase.
The paramedian hernia of the disc l5 S1 significantly complicates therapy. Over time, or under the influence of a complex of various factors, the destruction of the fibrous ring located between the discs can begin.
In accordance with the stage of protrusion of the pulpous core, and also depending on the deviations from the anatomical norm of the surrounding tissue, the therapy will also differ.
In the region of the fifth lumbar and first sacral elements, the longitudinal anterior ligament is strongly strengthened. This ensures the protection of the structure of the intervertebral disc.
In this connection, protrusion can break out in the opposite direction. The posterior longitudinal ligament is less elastic. Because of this, it is more susceptible to damage.
As a result of the breakthrough, the dorsal hernia of the disc l5 S1 is formed. In this case, the protrusion can be of two types. In particular, there is a medial hernia of the disk l5 S1. In this case, protrusion occurred in the region of the midline.
Such a diagnosis is made by a specialist if the herniation penetrated into the intervertebral foramen. It begins to narrow, and the walls of the dural sac deform. Also define a paramedian hernia.
In this case there is a curvature of the column as a scoliosis. The deformation occurs in the opposite direction from the protrusion.
Features of therapy
Especially difficult is the effect of the posterior hernia of the disk l5 S1. It is much easier to conduct therapeutic measures with anterior protrusion. Often associated with pathology associated diseases.
They significantly complicate the clinical picture and the subsequent treatment of intervertebral hernia. Among the accompanying pathologies, the most frequently detected antesponilolisthesis, retrospondylolisthesis, uncoarthrosis.
In the list of pathologies, spondyloarthros can be added. They are also often accompanied by a hernia of the disk l5 S1. Treatment in such cases will also be aimed at eliminating the symptoms of complicating pathologies.
Among the previous diseases, osteochondrosis is most often diagnosed.
Importance of timely detection of pathology
In itself, protrusion is easily amenable to elimination. It is important to begin treatment of intervertebral hernia in a timely manner. In this regard, do not delay the visit to the doctor. However, often already started stages of the disease are diagnosed.
This or that method of therapy is selected depending on the clinical picture, which is accompanied by a hernia of the disk l5 S1. Treatment can be both conservative and operative.
The surgical method is used for long-term course and serious complications.
This is one of the frequent complications of all that accompany the disc herniation l5 S1. Treatment in this case is complex.
The protrusion is a state against which a displacement of the pulpous nucleus is noted. In this case, the fibrous ring retains its integrity. The disc itself can move by 6 mm when protruding.
The pathological condition can be of several types. In particular, they distinguish:
• Circular protrusion. In this case there is a uniform expansion and an increase in the intervertebral disc. Circular type of pathology is diagnosed more often than others.
• Median protrusion. She is sometimes confused with a different kind of protrusion - hernia Schmorl. For this condition, it is characteristic to roll out towards the center of the spinal canal.
• Dorsal protrusions. This protrusion can be accompanied by a pinch of the elements of the nervous system.
• Diffuse protrusion. In this case, the damage to the disk is more than 40%.
• Foramen protrusion. In this case, protrusion occurs toward the intervertebral canal. In this case, infringement of the fifth root of the waist is noted.
• A paramedian protrusion. For this pathological condition is characterized by infringement of the first nerve root in the sacrum. The protrusion in this case is directed towards the center of the spinal canal.
• Joint protrusion. In this case, simultaneous lesion of two vertebral segments is diagnosed.
This form is considered the most dangerous. It develops with untimely or incorrect treatment of extrusion. This is a stage in which it is difficult to normalize the vital activity of the spine without surgery.
Against the backdrop of sequestered education, the nerve roots of the sacral and lumbar regions are infringed. Along with this, the lesion extends to fibers passing through the spinal canal.
In the people, this condition is called "horse tail syndrome".
At the initial stages of the patient's illness, local pains localizing in the affected area begin to worry. Over time, they will spread to the buttock. Strengthening of the pain syndrome occurs when the load increases or during movement.
With a strong infringement of nerve fibers, pain will begin to be delivered to the hip part. The patient will feel a deterioration in the sensitivity in the zone where the "squashed" nervous nerve root reacted. There is numbness in the foot or corresponding reflexes disappear.
Such symptoms are especially characteristic for dorsal protrusion. Median stunting can squeeze especially important nerve fibers. This, in turn, often provokes violations in the activity of the pelvic organs. In the absence of treatment, paralysis of the legs may occur.
To avoid such complications, specialists prescribe an operation.
Treatment of protrusion is carried out by two methods: conservative and operative. Traditional therapy includes the use of anti-inflammatory nonsteroid medicines. They include, for example, such means as "Naproksen" or "Ibuprofen".
Also in the complex of conservative measures is physiotherapy. It is aimed at the release of pinched roots and stabilization of the spine. There are special sets of exercises recommended for patients. At first it can be squats and slow slopes.
With exacerbation, a 2-day bed rest is recommended. It is not necessary to lie longer, as it will be more difficult to recover. If there is no result after conservative measures, the operative method is used.
Surgical intervention, as a rule, allows quickly and for a long period to get rid of pathology. However, a relapse is possible.
A source: http://.ru/article/169502/gryija-diska-l-s-vozmojnyie-oslojneniya-i-sposobyi-lecheniya
Sequential hernia of the spine: symptoms and treatment
The spine is the main organ of the human body, on which the state of the internal systems of the body depends. Destructive processes in the vertebrae can lead to paralysis of the limbs and, as a result, disability.
Sequential hernia l5-s1 is a pathology in which the pulpous nucleus of the intervertebral disc, which protrudes beyond the spinal column, at the interval of the last lumbar and first sacral vertebra, falls out of the bursted fibrous ring and enters the spinal cord channel.
And can separate as a part of the nucleus, and completely gelatinous cartilage. The prerequisite for this state is formation.
The lumbar region is the most mobile and is subjected to the greatest loads, so often pathology affects the area of the disk l4-l5 located above the segment already mentioned.
Sequestered hernia develops as a result of:
- Intense physical exertion and hypothermia of the body.
- Prolonged stressful conditions.
- Obesity of the third degree.
- Hereditary predisposition.
- Age-related changes in the body.
- A sedentary lifestyle.
- Daily sedentary work for many hours.
- Trauma and postoperative complications.
The insidiousness of the disease lies in the fact that, if not, the intervertebral hernia can not manifest itself in the first stages.
Suddenly a person loses sensitivity in the area of the lower limbs, legs numb, paresis occurs, paralysis can develop.
Symptomatic develops very quickly, because part of the fallen pulpous nucleus enters the spinal canal, disrupting the blood supply to the lower half of the trunk.
Dysfunctions of the genitourinary system develop. The earlier the patient will be taken to the hospital, the more chances will be left for the successful treatment of a serious illness.
Dystrophic processes in the disk lead to the fact that it loses its plasticity and ceases to perform its functions, flowing into the damage and cracks pulpous core - in contrast to when a part of the disc is able to press the brittle and loose tissue of the vertebra (for example, with such a disease, as ).
If the bundled nucleus of the spinal disc is compressed by bundles of nerves in the region of the spinal canal, the pathology of the vertebrae l4- l, 5 and the first sacral vertebra s1 does not go unnoticed:
- There are strong and sharp shooting pains in the area where the sequestering hernia develops.
- Pain syndrome increases, radiating into the groin area, buttocks, hips, shins.
- The attack catches a man by surprise, and it is impossible to change the position of the body for several hours because of severe pain.
- In the extremities there are paresis, legs grow numb, they become like "not their own".
- In the affected area, swelling is observed.
are at risk of developing sequestered hernia much more than people of other age categories, as the bone tissues of the spine become more fragile and weak over time.
Unfortunately, they can not completely solve the problem with this form of a hernia, although they greatly facilitate the patient's condition.
The separated part of the pulpous nucleus, containing a large number of protein compounds, falls into the spinal canal and causes an autoimmune reaction similar in symptomatology to an acute attack rheumatism.
Improvement of the general condition of the patient is achieved by the following methods:
- Admission (NSAIDs) of drugs that significantly reduce the intensity of inflammatory processes.
- The intake of muscle relaxants (a group of drugs acting relaxing on the muscular system and eliminating "clamps" in the affected area).
- In severe pain syndrome, a novocaine blockade can be used, which anesthetizes the area in which pain is localized (the effect of its use is sufficient for up to 3 weeks).
In the advanced stage of the sequestered hernia surgical methods of treatment are applied:
- Removal of the discarded pulpous nucleus by means of endoscopic equipment.
- The use of nucleoplasty, in which the fallen part of the nucleus is sclerotized, created by the electrode introduced into the affected region.
- Removal of a part of the nucleus by open surgical means with replacement of the affected disc with titanium implants (laminectomy), etc.
Sequential hernia of the spine is a serious pathology, which in a single moment can turn a healthy citizen into a disabled person.
Therefore, you need to respond in a timely manner to any painful appearance in the area of the back, turn to specialists, and not use questionable folk methods of treatment at home.
The spine does not tolerate a careless attitude towards himself. If you "exploit" him for years, without training and not listening to the arguments of doctors, then instead of straight back, a person will receive a posture in the form of a "?" sign, and then a disease associated with the depletion of bone tissue vertebrae.
Denial of responsibility
The information in the articles is intended only for general reading and should not be used for self-diagnosis of health problems or for therapeutic purposes.
This article is not a substitute for medical advice from a doctor (neurologist, therapist).
Please consult your doctor first to know the exact cause of your health problem.
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Sequential hernia of the spine: treatment without lumbar surgery
The most dangerous type of intervertebral hernia is a sequestered vertebral hernia.
This form of vertebral pathology is characterized by a violation of the integrity of the intervertebral disc, in which The pulpous nucleus falls inside the vertebral canal and squeezes the spinal cord and passes through the canal nerves.
Such a disease develops mainly due to neglected or incorrectly cured osteochondrosis, vertebral injuries, etc.
Sequester provokes the emergence of the most complex pain symptoms and is capable of causing paralysis leading to disability.
Because of its critical nature, this pathological condition is eliminated by an operational method.
What is a sequestered disc herniation
Sometimes vertebral hernia is complicated by the prolapse of the pulpous nucleus inside the column of the spine, where the spinal nerves are located. In other words, the intervertebral hernia is sequestered.
Segregation is characterized by a rupture of the longitudinal ligaments in the disc. As a result of this rupture, the pulpous nucleus separates from the intervertebral disc and further falls into the spinal canal.
There may be many reasons for this pathological condition:
- Excessive vertebral overload caused by heavy sports training or manual labor;
- Inactive life;
- Inadequate nutrition;
- Prolonged and regular finding in an uncomfortable position;
- Harmful habits such as alcohol abuse or tobacco dependence.
Often sequestration develops due to the regular overload of the spine, although isolated cases such as lifting heavy objects are also capable of provoking the appearance of sequestration. The likelihood of such complication is high in persons who incorrectly perform the elements of strength training.
But more characteristic for a sequestered hernia is a prolonged formation under the influence of a regular overload effect on the spine.
Besides,provoke a similar condition can osteochondrosis, excessive weakness of the corset muscles, impaired postureand others.
Sequestration is classified according to the localization of the dropped nucleus.
With a similar type of sequestrum, the pulpous nucleus falls between the 6th and 7th vertebrae (C6-C7) located in the cervical region.
Gradually begins to be allocated the contents of the affected vertebra, under pressure, the nerve roots are trapped, blood and nutrients can not fully pass through the restrained area, which leads to the development of ischemia.
The lumbar division
Because the lumbar vertebrae are subjected to greater stresses than other vertebral elements, the lumbar hernia, localized between the 4th and 5th vertebrae (L4-L5), is very common diagnosis. Treat such a sequestration mainly in an operative way, after which the patient will have to overcome a very long rehabilitation and recovery therapy.
A vertebral sequestered hernia can also form between the lumbar and sacral vertebral part (L5-S1). It accounts for almost 75% of vertebral hernias.
For such a pathological variety, sensitivity disorders are associated with neural-radicular contraction.
This complication is also called the "horse tail" syndrome
Symptoms of pulposal nucleus sequestration
The prolapse of the disc nucleus does not always have vivid clinical manifestations, sometimes such a pathology develops imperceptibly.
For example, in patients, the hernia can develop, periodically manifesting as painful attacks, to which the patient gradually gets used.
And when he develops a sequestration, a characteristic soreness is taken for another attack due to a hernia.
In the cervical
Sequester formed between cervical vertebrae characterized by such manifestations as:
- Frequent attacks of headache;
- Pain syndrome in the cervical collar zone, which is characterized by constancy, intensity and gain after a number of different loads;
- Gradual depletion of muscle tissue on the hands;
- Feelings of numbness in the upper limbs and neck;
- Muscular weakness in the neck, shoulders and arms;
- Changes in gait, gradually turning into paralysis of the limbs.
In the thoracic
The symptomatic pattern of sequestration between the thoracic vertebrae consists of the following symptoms:
- Strong chest pains flowing between the shoulder blades, in the ribs, abdomen and chest. For such features, amplification is characteristic even with insignificant loads;
- Gradually develops paralysis of the lower extremities;
- In the zone of the stomach, chest and lesions on the back, a feeling of numbness is noted;
- There is a gradual weakening of the muscle tissues of the press and back, down to atrophy.
If the nucleus falls between the vertebrae of the lumbosacral vertebral column, then the patient develops manifestations like:
- An intensive pain attack in the lumbar region, with pain excruciating the patient constantly, are characterized by a strong expression and tend to increase after a slight load on the lumbar vertebrae. Pain can be given to the buttocks or lower limbs;
- Loss of tendon reflexes;
- Weaknesses and impotence in the legs;
- Exhaustion of the leg muscles;
- Disorders of bowel or bladder emptying;
- Feeling of numbness in the fingers and feet;
- Lumbar stiffness;
- Paralysis of the legs.
Diagnosis of the disease
Diagnostic examination includes several research techniques such as:
How to treat: surgically or conservatively
The final decision on the type of therapy is taken by the orthopedist, since it all depends on the specific clinical case. The specialist relies on the condition of the patient and his spine, on possible threats arising from sequestration and other parameters.
When surgical treatment is recommended
The intervention of surgeons is not always indicated.Specialists identified several special conditions requiring surgery:
- When the clinical picture is characterized by a sudden deterioration of the condition, it is possible to repeatedly alternate periods of deterioration and improvement;
- At large sizes of sequester (more than 10 mm);
- Excessive weakening of muscle tissue in the nerve-root region;
- Absence of effect from therapy within six months or progression of pathology, despite the patient's compliance with all medical recommendations;
- With numbness of the limbs;
- The presence of autoimmune inflammation;
- Sequestration sometimes requires operational therapy in the event of separation of the cartilage from the hernia itself, but in practice, such detachable parts dissolve themselves.
It's no secret that the modern possibilities of neurosurgery have moved far ahead and such operations today characterized by minimal complications and the occurrence of re-education sequestered hernia.
Types of applied operations
To get rid of a hernia resort to several methods:
- Chemonucleolysis- The technique involves the introduction of a special drug in the hernia tissue, which will later lead to its dissolution;
- Laminectomy- surgery to remove the vertebrae;
- Microdiscectomy- an operative procedure in which the disk is removed through a small incision with the help of special microsurgical instruments and a microscope;
- Endoscopic microdiscectomy- The removal operation is performed using a specialized device - an endoscope.
The best option for conservative care without surgery
A conservative approach to the treatment of sequestration will be justified only if the pulpous nucleus is still retained by the gelatinous substance, although in fact it has already extended beyond the boundaries of the disk.
During the treatment it is necessary to ensure that the formed growths do not injure the endings of nerve fibers, otherwise it will provoke another, no less dangerous problem.
Conservative therapy lasts for more than a year, since the process of calcification is different in duration. But in the end, the problem will be able to be disposed of forever, and, most importantly, without surgical intervention.
Conservative therapeutic process consists of several consecutive stages:
- In the first 7 days after the release of the sequestration, it is recommended to stay in bed, take inflammatory nonsteroidal and analgesic medications, muscle relaxants, use the Novocain blockade, etc .;
- For 6 months, regular massage procedures are shown, but only on condition that they are performed by a qualified manual therapist;
- Within six months after the dropping of the kernel, it is shown that the bandage must be worn, which is subsequently gradually removed;
- It shows the performance of elements of a static gymnastic complex or isometric exercises;
- It is inadmissible to lift weights and slopes during the entire therapeutic period.
After the half-year period of treatment, additional massage and gymnastic elements are allowed, but only with the approval of the doctor.
Rehabilitation and prevention
If the patient needed an operative treatment, then after him a rehabilitation period necessarily takes place, during which time the patient must adhere to certain conditions: do not lift heavy, avoid physical overload, take prescribed by an orthopedist medicines, etc.
At the end of rehabilitation, you can start preventive measures that can prevent the development of complications or recurrence of sequestration: regular gymnastic training, treatment in a sanatorium, adherence to a diet recommended by the doctor, swimming, active life position, observance of posture and etc.
A source: http://OsteoHondroza.net/oslozhneniya/gryzha/sekvestrirovannaya.html